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1 Canadian Institute for Health Information (2018). Asthma hospital stays by children and youth. Retrieved from: https://www.cihi.ca/en/asthma-hospital-stays-by-children-and-youth

2 Asthma.ca (n.d.) Infants and Children: Asthma in infants and children. Retrieved from:  https://www.asthma.ca/get-help/asthma-3/control/infants-and-children/

3 Asthma Society of Canada. (n.d.) Common Asthma Triggers. Retrieved from: https://asthma.ca/get-help/asthma-3/triggers-3/common-asthma-triggers

4  Government of Canada. (2018). Health Impacts of Air Pollution in Canada – An estimate of premature mortalities. Retrieved from: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2018/sc-hc/H144-51-2017-eng.pdf

5  Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment. (April 2019). Climate Change Toolkit for Health Professionals: Module 3 – Climate Change Health Impacts across Canada. Retrieved from https://cape.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Module-3-ready-to-upload-SOLO-April-5-2019.pdf

6  Government of Canada. (2014, May). Active transportation. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/being-active/active-transportation.html

7 Health Canada (2011). Communicating the Health Risks of Extreme Heat Events: Toolkit for Public Health and Emergency Management Officials. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/environmental-workplace-health/reports-publications/climate-change-health/communicating-health-risks-extreme-heat-events-toolkit-public-health-emergency-management-officials-health-canada-2011.html

8 Korvats, R.S. & Hajat, S. (2008). Heat Stress and Public Health: A critical review. Annual Review of Public Health, 29, 41-55. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090843

9  Toronto Public Health. (2011, July). Protecting Vulnerable People from Health Impacts of Extreme Heat. Retrieved from https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2011/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-39468.pdf

10  Climate Atlas of Canada. (2018). Climate Change in Canada. Retrieved from https://climateatlas.ca/

11 Ibid

12  City of Toronto. (2019). Beat the Heat. Retrieved from: https://www.toronto.ca/community-people/health-wellness-care/health-programs-advice/hot-weather/beat-the-heat/

13  Gasmi, S. et al. (2017, October). Surveillance for Lyme disease in Canada: 2009-2015. Canada communicable disease report = Releve des maladies transmissibles au Canada43(10), 194–199. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/reports-publications/canada-communicable-disease-report-ccdr/monthly-issue/2017-43/ccdr-volume-43-10-october-5-2017/surveillance-surveillance-lyme-disease-canada-2009-2015.html

14  Public Health Ontario. (2016). Blacklegged tick surveillance in Ontario: A systematic review. Retrieved from https://www.publichealthontario.ca/-/media/documents/blacklegged-tick-surveillance.pdf?la=en

15  Bouchard C. et al. (2019) Increased risk of tick-borne diseases with climate and environmental changes. Can Commun Dis Rep 2019; 45(4):81. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/reports-publications/canada-communicable-disease-report-ccdr/monthly-issue/2019-45/issue-4-april-4-2019/article-2-increased-risk-tick-borne-diseases-climate-change.html

16 Government of Ontario. (2016). Lyme Disease. Retrieved from: https://www.ontario.ca/page/lyme-disease

17 Environment and Climate Change Canada. National Inventory Report 1990–2016: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada [Internet]. Gatineau QC: Minister of Environment and Climate Change; 2018. Available from: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2018/eccc/En81-4-2016-1-eng.pdf

18 Martino J, Pegg J, Frates E. The Connection Prescription: Using the Power of Social Interactions and the Deep Desire for Connectedness to Empower Health and Wellness. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2015;11(6):466-475.

19  Smith, K. et al. (2014)Human health: impacts, adaptation, and co-benefits. Retrieved from https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/02/WGIIAR5-Chap11_FINAL.pdf

20  Patz, J.A, et al. (2014) Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunities for Global Health. Retrieved from https://www.thelancet.com/action/showPdf?pii=S0140-6736%2809%2961759-1

21  Martino J, Pegg J, & Frates E. (2015). The Connection Prescription: Using the Power of Social Interactions and the Deep Desire for Connectedness to Empower Health and Wellness. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 11(6):466-475. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1559827615608788 

22  Gasmi S., et al. (2017). Surveillance for Lyme disease in Canada: 2009–2015. Can Commun Dis Rep. 43(10):194-9. https://doi.org/10.14745/ccdr.v43i10a01

23 Ibid

24  Government of Ontario. (2016). Lyme Disease. Retrieved from: https://www.ontario.ca/page/lyme-disease

25 Public Health Ontario. (2016). Blacklegged tick surveillance in Ontario: A systematic review. Retrieved from https://www.publichealthontario.ca/-/media/documents/blacklegged-tick-surveillance.pdf?la=en

26  Bouchard C. et al. (2019) Increased risk of tick-borne diseases with climate and environmental changes. Can Commun Dis Rep 2019; 45(4):81. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/reports-publications/canada-communicable-disease-report-ccdr/monthly-issue/2019-45/issue-4-april-4-2019/article-2-increased-risk-tick-borne-diseases-climate-change.html

27  Canadian Institute for Health Information. (n.d). Asthma Hospital Stays for Children and Youth. Retrieved from https://www.cihi.ca/en/asthma-hospital-stays-by-children-and-youth

28  Asthma Society of Canada. (n.d.) Infants and Children: Asthma in infants and children. Retrieved from https://www.asthma.ca/get-help/asthma-3/control/infants-and-children/  

29  Asthma Society of Canada. (n.d.) Common Asthma Triggers. Retrieved from: https://asthma.ca/get-help/asthma-3/triggers-3/common-asthma-triggers/

30  Government of Canada. (2018). Health Impacts of Air Pollution in Canada – An estimate of premature mortalities. Retrieved from: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2018/sc-hc/H144-51-2017-eng.pdf

31  Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment. (April 2019). Climate Change Toolkit for Health Professionals: Module 3 – Climate Change Health Impacts across Canada. Retrieved from https://cape.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Module-3-ready-to-upload-SOLO-April-5-2019.pdf

32  Health Canada. (2011). Communicating the Health Risks of Extreme Heat Events: Toolkit for Public Health and Emergency Management Officials. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/environmental-workplace-health/reports-publications/climate-change-health/communicating-health-risks-extreme-heat-events-toolkit-public-health-emergency-management-officials-health-canada-2011.html

33 Toronto Public Health. (2011, July). Protecting Vulnerable People from Health Impacts of Extreme Heat. Retrieved from https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2011/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-39468.pdf

34  Climate Atlas of Canada. (2018). Climate Change in Canada. Retrieved from https://climateatlas.ca/

35 Ibid